The Melaka International Youth Dialogue (MIYD) is an annual programme of the World Assembly of Youth (WAY) which brings together young people, youth leaders and relevant stakeholders from around the world to discuss pertinent youth issues. Since 2001, the MIYD has convened on a wide range of topical issues. The MIYD has witnessed an escalating number of youth participants over the years willing to participate in the decision making process. With the view of building a stronger partnership between the youth and the society, the MIYD produces a declaration which serves as a guideline for youth to address the selected issues.
Over the years, cities all over the world have competing in acceleration for their economic developments and wealth creation. This on-going process is known as urbanisation. Urbanisation and its uncertainly luring promises have attracted many people from outside the cities to move to the cities in search for better job opportunities and living conditions. The greater percentage of these people is youth. It is without a doubt that urbanisation is one of the most important global trends occurring in the 21st century.
Over fifty-percent of the urban population lives and is predicted to continue to live in small urban centers with fewer than half a million inhabitants. Today more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas, and by 2030 this is expected to rise to sixty-percent. In the same period ninety-percent of the world’s population growth will take place in cities, particularly in Africa and Asia. The rate of urbanisation is expected to be the highest in Africa and Asia over the coming decades. Over the next four decades, urban population is likely to treble in Africa and to increase by 1.7 times in Asia.
In order to harness urbanisation, mitigate its negative externalities and promote an “urban paradigm shift”, there is need for a coordinated approach and clear policy directions. Unfortunately, this is lacking in many countries, where several government departments are in charge of dealing with different aspects of the urbanisation challenge. The key step for reasserting urban space and territoriality is the development of an effective national urban policy. It is also vital to provide the needed direction and course of action in supporting the sustainable urban development.
The sustainable urban policy provides an overarching coordinating framework to deal with the most pressing issues related to rapid urban development, including slum prevention and regularization; access to land, basic services and infrastructure; urban legislation; delegation of authority to sub-national and local governments; financial flows; urban planning regulations; urban mobility; and urban energy requirements as well as job creation.
The pertinence of urbanisation and its underlying issues have captured the attention of the United Nations and its global members that have gathered together during the Ninth Session of the World Urban Forum. This Forum focused on the implementation of the New Urban Agenda adopted in Habitat III. The New Urban Agenda of the Habitat III provides comprehensive guidelines on how to strengthen the relationship and coexisting correlation between urbanisation and sustainable development. UN-Habitat’s contribution to a national urban policy includes country assessment; advice on setting up of national processes and stakeholder participation; documentation of good practices to support national processes; analysis of urban planning policies and instruments; facilitation of local-national dialogue on reforms; dissemination and capacity development on the urban policy across the full range of actors.
UN-Habitat encourages governments, institutions and individuals in power to always involve youth, making up a majority of world population, in shaping the new urban agenda as well as identify sustainable urbanisation as their top priority. Various key stakeholders have shown their concern through promoting and directly contributing to many programmes, especially those that are designed to promote urbanisation at local, national, regional and international levels.
It is crucial that we attempt to find and provide best ways for youth to participate in bringing about the best strategy in attainment of the sustainable urbanisation to their respective countries as well as the global level. For that reason, it is essential to have intercultural platforms like the 18th Melaka International Youth Dialogue in order to gather all stakeholders in discussing relevant factors and matters on the issue of Urbanisation, and recommend solutions as well as contributions towards the achievement of a sustainable urbanisation and a better tomorrow.
Youth Engineering A Sustainable Urbanisation
Youth play a key role in delivering this promise and need to be viewed and treated as assets and drivers of sustainable development. There is currently a demographic “youth-bulge” in the developing world, where there are more people under the age of 25 today, totaling nearly three billion or almost half of the total global population. Hence, 1.3 billion of that total are between the ages of 12 and 24. These youth live, by and large, in cities and towns. The cities of the developing world account for over 90 percent of the world’s urban growth and youth account for a large percentage of those inhabitants.
An interactive dialogue on this topic will be of significance to form, educate, increase awareness on the challenges and entitlements of youth for a conducive and secure environment that assures and supports their development fully at the different levels of society that they represent. Thus, with the above anticipated theme, all participants present, such as: the young people, youth leaders, representatives from public and private sector, media persona, city and national councils as well as members of various NGOs and CSOs, will gather to call for action and structure experiences on the issue of Urbanisation and Youth Development. The outcome document will also enhance youth contribution towards the attainment of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Registration - Participants
Registration - Speakers
The MIYD shall be held at Pantai Puteri Hotel, Mukin Tanjung Kling, Daerah Melaka Tengah, 76400 Melaka, Malaysia
The MIYD is organized by the World Assembly of Youth (WAY) in collaboration with the Melaka State Government, the Asian Youth Council, the Malaysian Youth Council and Ministry of Youth and Sports (Malaysia).