“WAY TOWARDS MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS”

 

“WAY TOWARDS MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS”

 

BACKGROUND

BACKGROUND

The Second WAY Millennium Plan of Action succeeds the First Plan of Action that guided WAY activities between the years 2000 and 2004. This is an overview of the new direction and strategies that WAY will engage following its fourteenth General Assembly.


The theme of the First Plan of Action was “Towards a Global Community” with a focus on reinvigorating WAY and reestablishing the organisation as the leading voice of young people in the world. Today, it can be correctly deduced that WAY has achieved this status to become the most popular and most respected voice of young people around the world. This theme also focused on issues of Globalisation and means for WAY to be actively involved in monitoring and shaping the forces of globalisation to bring about a world of peace, justice and equity.


The Executive Committee of WAY adopted the theme for the Second Millennium Plan of Action (MPAC-2): “WAY Towards Millennium Development Goals.” This is based on the eight core millennium development goals adopted by the United Nations. UN member states resolved to achieve these goals by the year 2015.


The rationale for selecting this theme is because it allows WAY to work closely with a wide range of partners, and it can result in production of very tangible results once the challenges are being addressed by communities and countries throughout the world.


By working with governmental and multilateral partners, WAY is mobilising more resources for its youth programmes based on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As it was suggested in the XIV WAY General Assembly, national youth councils should work closely with UNDP offices in their countries, for technical support.


WAY is also working with national governments to identify youth-led programmes that can directly contribute to national efforts to meet the MDGs. In this regard, WAY will convene regional and international conferences on MDG-related themes, engaging youths, government leaders, parliamentarians, private sector bodies and other potential contributors to the achievement of the MDGs.


The focus of the Second Plan is therefore to make WAY a pivotal player in global development issues, and to play an active role in MDG-related programmes at all levels. WAY seeks to contribute significantly to the development process, at the same time revitalising national youth councils by providing them with productive opportunities to engage in projects and activities.

 

THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS

THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger


In our world today:

  • 1.2 billion people live on less than $1 per day.
  • 800 million people go to bed hungry every day.
  • 28,000 children die from poverty-related causes everyday.

 


Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education

  • Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling


In our world today:

  • 115 million school-aged children are not in school-56 percent of them girls and 94 percent of them in developing countries.
  • 133 million young people cannot read or write.
  • Only 37 of 155 developing countries have achieved universal primary school completion.

 


Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015


In our world today:

  • Two-thirds of the world's illiterate people are female.
  • The employment rate for women is two-thirds that for men.
  • Women only held 15% of seats in national parliaments in 2003.
  • Women represent half of the 40 million people infected with HIV worldwide, and due to their vulnerability in many societies in Africa, this number is growing.

 

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

  • Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five

In our world today:

  • Over 11 million children under the age of five die each year, most from preventable diseases.

 

Goal 5: Improve maternal health

  • Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio

In our world today:

  • Some 14,000 women and girls die each day from causes related to childbirth, 99 percent in the developing world
  • More than 50 million women suffer from poor reproductive health and serious pregnancy-related illness and disability
  • More than 500,000 women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth every year.

 

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

In our world today:

  • About 8,000 people died every single day as a result of AIDS in 2003
  • An estimated 4.8 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2003-that's more than 13,000 every day
  • Approximately 15 million children around the world have lost one or both parents to AIDS
  • An estimated 860,000 children in sub-Saharan Africa lost teachers to AIDS in 1999 alone
  • Approximately 40% of the world's population-mostly those living in the world's poorest countries-is at risk of contracting malaria
  • Malaria causes more than 300 million acute illnesses and at least one million deaths annually
  • An estimated two million deaths resulted from tuberculosis in 2002
  • Someone in the world is newly infected with tuberculosis bacilli every second

 

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water
  • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020

In our world today:

  • Forests are disappearing at unprecedented rates globally, displacing indigenous peoples from their native homes and uprooting their livelihoods.
  • The collapse of fisheries around the world threatens to exacerbate hunger and poverty among poor coastal communities throughout the developing world.
  • Over 2.4 billion people lack access to proper sanitation facilities and one billion lack access to drinkable water.
  • Some two million children die every year--6,000 a day--from preventable infections spread by dirty water or improper sanitation facilities.


Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development

  • Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory. Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction—nationally and internationally
  • Address the least developed countries’ special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction
  • Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States
  • Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term
  • In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth
  • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
  • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies—especially information and communications technologies

 

WAY PROGRAMMES 2005 - 2010

WAY PROGRAMMES 2005 - 2010

In keeping with the theme of Millennium Development Goals, the following programmes will be organised by WAY between 2005 – 2010:


At National Level:

  • Joint consultations between UNDP and National Youth Councils
  • Organising of National Youth and Millennium Development Goals Conference
  • Setting up of National Youth Committees on Millennium Development Goals
  • Publication of annual National Youth Reports on Progress with Millennium Development Goals
  • Organising of Annual National Dialogue between Youth and Parliamentarians/Policymakers on MDG Progress


At Regional Level:

  • Organising Regional Youth Conferences on MDGs
  • Coordinating regional responses to challenges posed by MDGs
  • Developing peer support mechanisms at the regional levels
  • Doing joint programmes with regional UN Economic and Social Commission


At International Level:

  • Organising annual International Youth Conference on MDGs
  • Producing a Quarterly International Bulletin on Youth and MDGs
  • Producing a Training Manual on Youth Towards the MDGs
  • Publishing a Book on Youth and the MDGs
  • Participating in UN and international meetings on MDGs
  • Partnering with UN Agencies and other multilateral organisations