The International Youth Day is commemorated annually on 12 August, and it celebrates the potential of youth as partners in today’s global society. This day highlights the issues faced by young people to the international community, and also shares the success of any global effort that have been achieved with the meaningful participation of young people. On daily basis, young people and youth organisations are addressing issues and challenges that youth are facing on the basis of economic status, ethnic group, gender, and other characteristics.
With the world’s population expected to increase by 2 billion people in the next 30 years, it has become recognised by numerous stakeholders that we need to join forces in order to address today’s challenges. Some of those crucial challenges need to be addressed immediately, like: poverty reduction, social inclusion, health care, biodiversity conservation, and climate change mitigation. Moreover, despite the lack of research, young people continue to report age-related barriers in various spheres of their lives such as: employment, political participation, health, and justice.
The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is observed annually on 9 August and demands for indigenous peoples’ inclusion, participation, and approval in the constitution of a system with social and economic benefits for all. Indigenous peoples make up less than 5 percent of the world's population and they are inheritors and practitioners of unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment.
There are an estimated 476 million indigenous people in the world, living across 90 countries, they speak 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures. Despite their cultural differences, indigenous peoples from around the world share common problems related to the protection of their rights as distinct people. Their territories are home to 80 percent of the world’s biodiversity and they can teach us much about how to rebalance our relationship with nature and reduce the risk of future pandemics.
The World Day Against Trafficking in Persons is observed annually on July 30 and it aims to raise awareness about human trafficking and also to promote and protect the rights of trafficking victims. People are trafficked for sexual exploitation, forced labour, forced begging, forced marriage, for selling children and as child soldiers, as well as for removal of organs. Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights.
Moreover, human trafficking is a global crisis and it affects nearly every country in the world. Every year, thousands of men, women, and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. The 2020 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons draws on data from 148 countries. This day explores issues of particular relevance in the current crisis, including the impact of socio-economic factors, drivers of child trafficking and trafficking for forced labour, and traffickers’ use of the internet.
The World Youth Skills Day is observed annually on 15 July and focuses on the strategic importance of equipping young people with skills for employment, decent work, and entrepreneurship. The goal is to achieve better socio-economic conditions for today’s youth, as a means of addressing the challenges of unemployment and under employment.
Rising youth unemployment is one of the most significant problems facing economies and societies in today’s world, for developed and developing countries alike. That is why education and training are key determinants of success in the labour market. But unfortunately, existing systems are failing to address the learning needs of many young people. Skills and jobs for youth feature prominently in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and SDG target 4.4 calls for a substantial increase in the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills.
The World Population Day is celebrated annually on 11 July, with the aim to focus the world’s attention on the importance of population issues. Since the middle of the 20th century, the world has experienced unprecedented population growth. In 2011, the global population reached the 7 billion mark, it stands at almost 7.9 billion in 2021, and it is expected to grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100.
This day covers a lot issues from different territories, from family planning, gender equality, and environmental impacts to human rights concerns. Hence, this year's World Population Day theme is ‘A world of 8 billion: Towards a resilient future for all - Harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all’. Based on gender, ethnicity, class, religion, sexual orientation, disability and origin, among other factors, too many are still exposed to discrimination, harassment and violence. We have to join force and make sure that no one is neglected or left behind.