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Drug abuse poses significant health challenges. Injecting drug use is a leading cause of the spread of HIV. In some parts of the world, heroin use and HIV have reached epidemic proportions. Drug control - including prevention and measures to reduce the harmful effects of drug use - is therefore an important part of the battle to combat HIV/AIDS.

Today, marks the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, designated by the United Nations to strengthen global efforts towards a society free of drug abuse. International Day against Drug Abuse and illicit trafficking is observed annually each year. The day serves as a reminder of the on-going war that is being fought around the world on illicit drug use and trafficking, and that unless there is concerted, sustained effort, Asia may be at risk of fighting a losing battle.


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Hunger is most prevalent in the developing countries, with dry land areas where water retention is poor, and the land is highly vulnerable to natural and human destructions. The vast majority of the dry land people survive on local foods. Sub-Saharan Africa has made some progress in eradicating hunger, but still has the highest prevalence of undernourishment. Tackling hunger requires a multi-faceted approach from economic development, nutritional intake to managing natural disasters.

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, 17 June, was proclaimed by the General Assembly in 1994. On that date, the same year, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification was adopted. It aims to promote community and ecosystem resilience while improving the human condition particularly in dry lands. The decade 2010–2020 has been declared the United Nations Decade for Deserts and the Fight against Desertification (UNDDD).


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One of the main global concerns today is the issues related to environment and it mainly refers to the natural elements that make up the Earth and surround living organisms, enabling life. The environment is not about a single factor, it involves lot of things which interact and interfere with human life. Thus, it is then understood that clean and healthy environment must be emphasized to each and every individual. One of the effective ways in reiterating the promotion of clean and healthy environment is through commemorating the World Environment Day.

The World Environment Day is observed on the 5th of June each year. This Day aims to deepen public awareness of the need to preserve and enhance the environment where we all live. Over the years, it has grown to be a broad, global platform for public outreach and is widely celebrated by stakeholders in over 100 countries. It also serves as the ‘people’s day’ for doing something positive for the environment, galvanizing individual actions into a collective power that generates an exponential positive impact on the planet.


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"In a diverse world, the destruction of cultures is a crime, and uniformity is a dead-end: our aim must be to enhance, in one movement, the diversity that enriches us and the human rights that bring us together. -Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO

Cultural diversity is the common inheritance of humankind. It is a source of renewal of ideas and societies, through which will open up to others and craft new ways of thinking. This diversity provides opportunities for peace and sustainable development.

Bridging the gap between cultures is urgent and necessary for peace, stability and development. It is a driving force of development, not only with respect to economic growth, but also as a means of leading a more fulfilling intellectual, emotional and moral life. This is captured in the seven culture conventions, which provide a solid basis for the promotion of cultural diversity. Cultural diversity is, thus, an asset that is indispensable for poverty reduction and the achievement of sustainable development.


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17th May, which marks the anniversary of the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention and the creation of the International Telecommunication Union, is also celebrated as the annual observance of the World Telecommunication Day. This year commemoration of the World Telecommunication Day is the 150th anniversary of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) which was founded on May 17th, 1865.

The purpose of the World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD) is to help to raise awareness of the possibilities of improvements that the use of the Internet as well as other Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can bring in both the societies and economies, as well as of ways to bridge the digital divide.