International Day for Disaster Reduction

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We cannot stop natural disasters but we can arm ourselves with knowledge: so many lives wouldn't have to be lost if there was enough disaster preparedness. -Petra Nemcova

Disaster reduction is the conception and practice of reducing disaster risks through efficient efforts to analyse and reduce the causal factors of disasters. Reducing exposure to hazards, lessening vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improving preparedness and early warning for adverse events are all examples of disaster reduction.

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for Natural Reduction is annually observed on the 13th of October to raise the profile of disaster risk reduction. It is a day dedicated to the efforts of the stakeholders in reducing the disasters related risks through raising awareness. It also encourages people and governments to participate in building more resilient communities and nations.

International Day of Non-Violence

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Nonviolence is a weapon of the strong. -Mahatma Gandhi

In recent years, there has been a remarkable increase in the number of people around the world who have taken part in nonviolent supporting action. It is clear, however, that there is considerable debate about the precise meaning of nonviolence.

Nonviolence is an undeniable force that works in the social field that brings people together, often by courageously resisting prejudice and refusing to inflict suffering.

International Day of Non-Violence is held annually to promote the ways to stop violence through education and public awareness. The 2nd of October was selected to coincide with prominent Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday. This day is recognized in India as Gandhi Jayanti.

International Day of Peace

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Peace begins with a smile. -Mother Teresa

Peace is defined as an incidence of harmony characterized by lack of violence, conflict behaviors and the freedom from fear of violence. Frequently understood as the absence of aggression and retribution, peace also suggests sincere attempts of resolution.

Understanding on the characteristics, peacefulness is always perceived as an internal sense of tranquil that comes from being still in order to reflect and meditate on the inner insight. Thus, it is said that a peaceful heart is one that is free from qualms and difficulties.

For decades, many countries and their societies have been working and joining their efforts in the attainment of Peace for the world. Peace is not something that you could wish for; it is something you create together, something you do for other and something you share.

International Day of Democracy

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Young people should be at the forefront of global change and innovation. Empowered, they can be key agents for development and peace. If, however, they are left on society's margins, all of us will be impoverished. Let us ensure that all young people have every opportunity to participate fully in the lives of their societies.  -Kofi Annan, Former Secretary General, Unites Nations

In the world where everything is fluctuating, it is pivotal to have a proper governance concept with the balance of both fairness and equality in all forms of life; that concept is known as Democracy.

Democracy is a worldwide value based on the freely expressed will of people to establish their own political, economic, social and cultural systems and their rights to fully contribute in all aspects of lives.

INTERNATIONAL LITERACY DAY

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If you would tell me the heart of a man, tell me not what he reads, but what he re-reads. -François Mauriac

One glance at a book and you hear the voice of another person whose idea is captured literarily forever. To read is to expedition through time. Thus, it is said that a book is a gateway to betterment for a man’s life and literacy is a key of that gate.

Literacy is a human right and a tool of personal empowerment. Literacy skills, which developed from a basic to advanced level throughout life, are part of broader competencies required for critical thinking, the sense of responsibility and mostly complex matters such as participatory governance, sustainable consumption and lifestyles, ecological behaviors, biodiversity protection, poverty reduction, and disaster risk reduction.

For decades, we all know that educational opportunities depend greatly on literacy. Literacy is at the heart of Education for All (EFA), and essential for eliminating poverty, reducing child mortality, controlling population growth, achieving gender equality as well as ensuring sustainable development, peace and democracy in achieving prosperous and peaceful societies. In addition, Literacy is recognized as the key element needed to promote sustainable development, as it empowers people to make the right decisions in the areas of economic growth, social development and environmental integration.