WORLD AIDS DAY

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HIV infection and AIDS is growing. But so too is public apathy. We have already lost too many friends and colleagues. -David Geffen

AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is a pandemic disease caused due to the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Despite considerable progress in the fight against the HIV/AIDS, it continues to cause much suffering to people around the World. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is increasingly a problem of youth, especially in parts of the developing world. Governments have noted with grave concern the fact that HIV infections are heavily concentrated among youth and that there is a lack of information available for youth pertaining to the prevention of the HIV/AIDS.

World AIDS Day is celebrated every year on 1st of December to raise the public awareness on the HIV/AIDS and its threats. The day is an opportunity for public and private partners to disseminate and share the information about the status of the pandemic as well as the progress in HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care around the world, particularly in high prevalence countries.

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

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Violence against women and girls is one of the most widespread violations of human rights. Young women around the globe possess the collective power to change their lives, their communities and the world we live in. As they face daily challenges, young women are continually developing innovative, effective ways to improve their lives by bringing together their knowledge and creativity. Thus, it is undeniable that women are leading change.

The United Nations' (UN) International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is observed each year on the 25th of November, an occasion for governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations to raise public awareness in stopping violence against women.

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR TOLERANCE

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On this International Day of Tolerance, I call on all people and governments to actively combat fear, hatred and extremism with dialogue, understanding and mutual respect. Let us advance against the forces of division and unite for our shared future.  -UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

Tolerance is the foundation for mutual respect among people and communities, and is vital for building a single global society around shared values. It is a virtue and a quality, above all, an act of reaching out to others and seeing the strength in differences not barriers, opportunity in diversity not opposition, and an undivided invitation for dialogue and understanding.

WORLD SCIENCE DAY FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT

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World Science Day for Peace and Development (WSDPD) is an annual event celebrated worldwide every 10th of November since its establishment by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2001. It was initially proposed at the World’s Scientific Conference in Budapest in 1999 in order to draw the attention to the need of a relation between science and society.

The rationale of celebrating a WSDPD is based on the realization of the important roles that both science and scientists have in the sustainable societies. WSDPD aims to renew the national as well as the international commitment to science for peace and development and to stress the responsible use of science for the benefit of society. Besides, the WSDPD also aspires in raising public awareness on the significance of science and bridging the gap between science and societies.

In this sense, a WSDPD would offer an opportunity to show the general public the relevance of science in their lives and to engage them in discussions. Such a venture would also bring a unique perspective to the global search for peace and development.

UNITED NATIONS DAY

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The United Nations is needed more than ever at this time of multiple crises. At this critical moment, let us reaffirm our commitment to empowering the marginalized and vulnerable. On United Nations Day, I call on Governments and individuals to work in common cause for the common good.  -Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon

The United Nations works across countries and territories to promote common progress, charitable, environmental and sociological concerns.

Recalling back on the history, the United Nations was known at earlier days as the League of Nations. The foundations for a League of Nations were laid in the Treaty of Versailles which was one of the treaties that formally ends World War I. The League of Nation aimed to encourage disarmament, prevent outbreaks of war, and encourage negotiations and diplomatic measures to settle international disputes and to improve the quality of life around the world. Nevertheless, the outbreak of World War II suggested that the League of Nations needed to take on a different form.

The ideas around the United Nations were developed in the last years of World War II particularly during the UN Conference on International Organization in San Francisco on April 25, 1945. The UN was officially created when a UN charter was endorsed on the 24th of October that year. On this day, the United Nations (UN) came into force when the five permanent members of the Security Council approved the charter that had been drawn up that year.