The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is the United Nations’ central platform for reflection, debate, and innovative thinking on sustainable development. It serves as the central mechanism for the activities of the United Nations system and its specialized agencies, and supervises the subsidiary and expert bodies in the economic, social and environmental fields and brings people and issues together to promote collective action for a sustainable world.
It is established by the United Nations Charter as the principal organ, under the authority of the General Assembly, in order to promote higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development, solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; and international cultural and educational cooperation and universal respect for, as well as observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.
Consultative relationships may be established with international, regional, sub regional and national non-governmental, non-profit public or voluntary organisations. NGOs affiliated to an international organisation that are already in status may be admitted provided that they are able to demonstrate that their programme of work is of direct relevance to the aims and purposes of the United Nations. In the case of national organisations, consultation with the Member State concerned is required.