INTERNATIONAL MOTHER LANGUAGE DAY

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Languages are powerful tools in protecting and developing our tangible and intangible legacy. It promotes the spreading of mother tongues that will serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop full awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world in inspiring unity based on perceptive, charity and dialogue.

International Mother Language Day has been observed every year since February 2000 with the aim of promoting linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. It was created by the United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in order to promote cultural traditions and instigate solidarity based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue. The date represents the incident that took place in 1952 when students demonstrating for recognition of their language, Bangla, as one of their country’s two national languages, were shot and killed by police in Dhaka, the capital of what is now called Bangladesh.

WORLD DAY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE

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Social justice, equality and equity constitute the fundamental values of all societies. To achieve a society for all, governments should make a commitment to the creation of a support for action to promote social justice at national, regional and international levels. The advancement of social justice is a part of the global mission to promote human dignity and development. Social justice means removing barriers amongst people all over the world created because of their age, gender, religion, ethnicity, race, or disability.

The promotion of gender equality or struggle for the rights of migrants and indigenous people are dazzling examples of the pursuit of social justice because all people should have equal opportunities irrespective of their gender or origin.

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ZERO TOLERANCE TO FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

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Health systems and health professionals are essential to the wellbeing of societies. They provide credible, scientific and unbiased information that can help people protect themselves from violations of their rights.

- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

About 120 to 140 million women have been subject to Female genital mutilation (FGM) and 3 million girls are at risk each year, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

FGM encompasses of all procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons and is recognised internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women and girls. The practice also violates their rights to health, security and physical integrity, their right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and their right to life when the procedure results in fatal bleeding or even death.

International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is observed yearly on the 6th of February. It is an UN-sponsored awareness day served as an effort to make the world to be aware of female genital mutilation and to promote its eradication.

WORLD CANCER DAY

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Cancer is an uncontrolled growth and spread of detrimental cells. It can affect almost any part of the body. The growth often invades surrounding tissue and can metastasize to distant sites. Many cancers can be prevented by avoiding exposure to common risk factors, such as consumption of tobacco through smoking. In addition, a significant proportion of cancers are curable by surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy, especially if they are detected early.

World Cancer Day, organised by the Union for International Cancer Control, is an opportunity to highlight the wide range of actions needed to effectively prevent, treat and control the many forms of cancer. Observed each year on the 4th February, this day is publicly known as the World Cancer Day, when organisations and individuals around the world unite to raise awareness about cancer and work to make it as a global health priority. The day was first organised by the International Union against Cancer in 2005.

INTERNATIONAL HUMAN SOLIDARITY DAY

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International Human Solidarity Day was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2005 as an initiative in the fight against poverty. It is a day to celebrate our unity in diversity, to remind public sector to respect their commitments to international agreements on the need for human solidarity, raise public awareness of the importance of solidarity, and encourage debate on the ways to promote solidarity for the achievement of the poverty eradication.

In the United Nations Millennium Declaration, 189 world leaders identified solidarity as one of the fundamental values essential to international relations in the 21st century. Convinced that a culture of solidarity and a spirit of sharing were important for combating poverty and achieving the eight Millennium Development Goals, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 20th December as International Human Solidarity Day.