INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ZERO TOLERANCE TO FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

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Health systems and health professionals are essential to the wellbeing of societies. They provide credible, scientific and unbiased information that can help people protect themselves from violations of their rights.

- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

About 120 to 140 million women have been subject to Female genital mutilation (FGM) and 3 million girls are at risk each year, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

FGM encompasses of all procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons and is recognised internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women and girls. The practice also violates their rights to health, security and physical integrity, their right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and their right to life when the procedure results in fatal bleeding or even death.

International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is observed yearly on the 6th of February. It is an UN-sponsored awareness day served as an effort to make the world to be aware of female genital mutilation and to promote its eradication.

WORLD CANCER DAY

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Cancer is an uncontrolled growth and spread of detrimental cells. It can affect almost any part of the body. The growth often invades surrounding tissue and can metastasize to distant sites. Many cancers can be prevented by avoiding exposure to common risk factors, such as consumption of tobacco through smoking. In addition, a significant proportion of cancers are curable by surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy, especially if they are detected early.

World Cancer Day, organised by the Union for International Cancer Control, is an opportunity to highlight the wide range of actions needed to effectively prevent, treat and control the many forms of cancer. Observed each year on the 4th February, this day is publicly known as the World Cancer Day, when organisations and individuals around the world unite to raise awareness about cancer and work to make it as a global health priority. The day was first organised by the International Union against Cancer in 2005.

INTERNATIONAL HUMAN SOLIDARITY DAY

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International Human Solidarity Day was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2005 as an initiative in the fight against poverty. It is a day to celebrate our unity in diversity, to remind public sector to respect their commitments to international agreements on the need for human solidarity, raise public awareness of the importance of solidarity, and encourage debate on the ways to promote solidarity for the achievement of the poverty eradication.

In the United Nations Millennium Declaration, 189 world leaders identified solidarity as one of the fundamental values essential to international relations in the 21st century. Convinced that a culture of solidarity and a spirit of sharing were important for combating poverty and achieving the eight Millennium Development Goals, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 20th December as International Human Solidarity Day.

INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS DAY

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Migration is an expression of the human aspiration for dignity, safety and a better future. It is part of the social fabric, part of our very make-up as a human family

-the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon

Migration is an action resulted from the human ambition seeking for dignity, safety and a better opportunity. It is part of the social fabric, part of our very make-up as a human family.

For centuries, migration has exemplified the human capacity for survival: the determination and resolve to overcome adversity in the hope of leading a better life. Today, migration is perhaps the most divisive issue facing in most of the developed nations, taking a major concern in the top of Western policymakers’ agendas.

HUMAN RIGHTS DAY

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Human rights is the soul of our foreign policy, because human rights is the very soul of our sense of nationhood.

-Jimmy Carter

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and con-science and should interact with one another for the sake of kindness. All human rights are drawn from the United Nations Human Rights Treaties which are at the core of the international system for the promotion and protection of human rights. This is reflected in the words used universally including Equality, Freedom, Peace, Hope, Dignity, Rule of Law, Prosperity and Justice.

Human Rights Day is celebrated every year on 10th December. This day is celebrated internationally to honor 10th December 1948, when the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at Palais de Challoit, Paris after the occurrence of the Second World War. This marks as one of the first major achievements of the United Nations. Universal Declaration of Human Rights is also the world most translated document into more than 360 language versions holding a world record.