The World Population Day is celebrated annually on 11 July, with the aim to focus the world’s attention on the importance of population issues. Since the middle of the 20th century, the world has experienced unprecedented population growth. In 2011, the global population reached the 7 billion mark, it stands at almost 7.9 billion in 2021, and it is expected to grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100.
This day covers a lot issues from different territories, from family planning, gender equality, and environmental impacts to human rights concerns. Hence, this year's World Population Day theme is ‘A world of 8 billion: Towards a resilient future for all - Harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all’. Based on gender, ethnicity, class, religion, sexual orientation, disability and origin, among other factors, too many are still exposed to discrimination, harassment and violence. We have to join force and make sure that no one is neglected or left behind.
The International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is observed annually on 26 June, and aims to strengthen action and cooperation in achieving the goal of a world free of drug abuse. By resolution 42/112 of 7 December 1987, the United Nations’ General Assembly decided to observe this day as an expression of its determination to strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse. This day recognises the severe impact that illicit drugs have on health, development, peace, and security.
For more than two decades, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has been helping make the world safer from drugs, organised crime, corruption and terrorism. They are committed to achieving health, security, and justice for all by tackling these threats and promoting peace and sustainable well-being as deterrents to them. With the #CareInCrises campaign, UNODC is calling on governments, international organizations, civil society, and all stakeholders to take urgent action to protect people, including by strengthening drug use prevention and treatment, and by tackling illicit drug supply.
The World Refugee Day is observed annually on 20 of June, and it supports millions of families from all over the world, who have lost their homes and dear ones because of violence or war. It was established by the General Assembly of United Nations to honour refugees for their courage of facing lots of problems after losing homes due to conflict or violence and their contributions to their communities. This day of celebration provides an opportunity to all of us to land an hand to the refugees worldwide in rebuilding their quality lives through lots of related activities.
Every minute 20 people leave everything behind to escape war, persecution, or terror. Refugees are among the most vulnerable people in the world. There are several types of forcibly displaced persons: refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, stateless persons, and returnees. All applications for refugee status must be given fair consideration, regardless of factors like race, religion, gender and country of origin. They should not be discriminated against at borders.
The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year on 17 June, since 1994, to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification. Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas. This day is an opportunity to remind everyone that land degradation neutrality is achievable through problem solving, strong community involvement, and co-operation at all levels.
Over 70 percent of natural ecosystems have been transformed. By 2050, this could hit 90 percent. As populations become larger, wealthier, and more urban, there is far greater demand for productive land to meet the demands of ten billion people by 2050, and lifestyles need to change. Fixing damaged ecosystems mitigates against climate change and bolsters nature’s defences against disasters and extreme weather events such as: wildfires, droughts, floods, and sand and dust storms.
The World Environment Day (WED) is observed annually on 5 June and it aims to promote worldwide awareness and action for the environment. More than 150 countries take part in World Environment Day, and the day focuses on environmental concerns ranging from pollution to global warming, and sustainable food production to protection of wildlife. Since its inception in 1972, this day has been celebrated by engaging governments, businesses, celebrities, civil societies, and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue.
Each year, World Environment Day is hosted by a different country where the official celebrations take place. The host country for 2022 is Sweden. This year is a historic milestone for the global environmental community. It marks 50 years since the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, widely seen as the first international meeting on the environment. The 1972 Stockholm Conference spurred the formation of environment ministries and agencies around the world and kickstarted a host of new global agreements to collectively protect the environment.