The Zero Discrimination Day is observed annually on 1 March and it was first celebrated by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in 2014. Sadly, discrimination has many forms, from racial or religious discrimination to discrimination based on gender, sexual orientation or age, and to bullying at school or at work and it continues to undermine efforts to achieve a more just and equitable world and causes pain and suffering for many.
In 2015, all countries pledged to reduce inequality within and between countries as part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). On this day, we Tackling inequality is not a new commitment—in 2015, all countries pledged to reduce inequality within and between countries as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. Tackling inequality is not a new commitment—in 2015, all countries pledged to reduce inequality within and between countries as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. we neeis highlighting the urgent need to take action to end the inequalities surrounding income, sex, age, health status, occupation, disability, sexual orientation, drug use, gender identity, race, class, ethnicity and religion that continue to persist around the world.highlight the urgent need to take action to end the inequalities surrounding income, sex, age, health status, occupation, disability, sexual orientation, drug use, gender identity, race, class, ethnicity and religion that continue to persist around the world. Inequality is growing for more than 70 percent of the global population, exacerbating the risk of division and hampering economic and social development.
The International Mother Language Day is celebrated on 17 December and it was established in 1999 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). Languages are the most powerful instruments of preserving and developing our tangible and intangible heritage. Unfortunately, 40 percent of the people in the world do not have access to education in a language that they understand.
Through globalisation, many languages are under threat of disappearing altogether but they are a crucial aspect of preserving cultures around the world. At least 43 percent of the estimated 6000 languages spoken in the world are endangered. Only a few hundred languages have genuinely been given a place in education systems and the public domain, and less than a hundred are used in the digital world.
The World Day of Social Justice is commemorated on 20 February and is an underlying principle for peaceful and prosperous coexistence within and among nations. This day supports efforts by the international community to search for solutions to achieve sustainable development, poverty eradication, the promotion of full employment and decent work, universal social protection, gender equality and access to social well-being and justice for all. According to the facts on social justice, more than 212 million people were out of work, up from 201 million in previous years.
Meanwhile, 600 million new jobs need to be created by 2030, just to keep pace with the growth of the working age population. As inequalities widen, the social fabric of our societies is both stretched and strained. This often leads to a downward spiral of economic and social uncertainty and even unrest.More than 60 percent of the world’s employed population, that is 2 billion women, men and youth, earn their livelihoods in the informal economy and this is not by choice, but due to lack of opportunities in the formal economy.
The International Day of Women and Girls in Science is celebrated on 11 February, every year, with the aim to promote women and girls in science. This Day is an opportunity to promote full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls. Now is the time to recognise women’s contributions in research and innovation, smash stereotypes and defeat discrimination against women and girls in science. Both, science and gender equality are vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Over the years, the global community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science. Yet women and girls continue to be excluded from participating fully in science. According to UNESCO’s Science Report, only 33 percent of researchers are women, despite the fact that they represent 45 and 55 percent of students at the Bachelor’s and Master’s levels of study respectively, and 44 percent of those enrolled in PhD programmes. Just as they solve their daily issues in their families, women are continually developing innovative, effective ways to improve their lives and even, develop their communities by bringing together their wisdom, intelligence and creativity, young women are, indeed, leading change and innovation.
The World Cancer Day is observed globally every year on 4th of February, and it aims to save millions of preventable deaths each year by raising awareness and education about cancer, and pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action against the disease. Cancer is a leading cause of death, globally, an estimated 8.8 million people die from cancer every year. There are over 100 cancer types that exist nowadays and each of them requires unique diagnosis and treatment.
In the world, 17 people die every minute from cancer, with 70 percent of deaths occurring in developing countries. Child cancers also highlight the inequality factor that plays such a large role in cancer, as survival rates differ greatly between high-income and low-income countries. In addition, there are 77440 new cancer cases each year. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the progress being made in the fight against cancer was threatened but it has also created the opportunity to address systemic weaknesses in many national health systems.