The International Day of Women and Girls in Science is celebrated on 11 February every year due to the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/212, with the aim to promote women and girls in science. This Day is an opportunity to promote full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls. Science and gender equality are both vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Over the past 15 years, the global community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science. Yet women and girls continue to be excluded from participating fully in science. According to UNESCO’s forthcoming Science Report, only 33 percent of researchers are women, despite the fact that they represent 45 and 55 percent of students at the Bachelor’s and Master’s levels of study respectively, and 44 per cent of those enrolled in PhD programmes.
The World Cancer Day is celebrated every year on 4th of February, all over the world. Cancer is a leading cause of death in both, more and less economically developed countries. There are over 100 cancer types that exist nowadays and each of them requires unique diagnosis and treatment. The burden is expected to grow worldwide due to the growth and aging of the population, particularly in less developed countries, in which about 82% of the world’s population resides.
Globally, an estimated 8.8 million people die from cancer every year. In the world, 17 people die every minute from cancer, with 70% of deaths occurring in developing countries. Child cancers also highlight the inequality factor that plays such a large role in cancer, as survival rates differ greatly between high-income and low-income countries. In addition, there are 77440 new cancer cases each year. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the progress being made in the fight against cancer was threatened but it has also created the opportunity to address systemic weaknesses in many national health systems.
“We must do far more to advance Sustainable Development Goal 4, to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.” United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres
Education is a human right, a public good, and a public responsibility. It plays a very crucial role in developing the creative thinking ability of young people and providing all the necessary skills and knowledge that are required to shape a competitive and productive individual. Without inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong opportunities for all, countries will not succeed in achieving gender equality and breaking the cycle of poverty that is leaving millions of children, youth, and adults behind.
“On this International Migrants Day, let us seize the opportunity of the recovery from the pandemic to implement the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, reimagine human mobility, enable migrants to reignite economies at home and abroad and build more inclusive and resilient societies.” United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres
The International Migrants Day is observed on the 18th of December which was appointed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 4th, 2000, after having taken into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world. This day is an opportunity to recognise the contributions made by millions of immigrants to the development and well-being of many countries in the world, to promote respect for the rights of immigrant workers and their families, and to highlight the issues that are of the key interest to migrants and their communities.
The Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10th of December and is celebrated internationally to honor the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at Palais de Challoit in Paris after the occurrence of the Second World War. This day is an opportunity to reaffirm the importance of human rights in re-building the world we want, the need for global solidarity as well as our interconnectedness and shared humanity. The knowledge and understanding of human rights is very important to each and every individual.