The International Day of Women and Girls in Science is celebrated on 11 February, every year, with the aim to promote women and girls in science. This Day is an opportunity to promote full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls. Now is the time to recognise women’s contributions in research and innovation, smash stereotypes and defeat discrimination against women and girls in science. Both, science and gender equality are vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Over the years, the global community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science. Yet women and girls continue to be excluded from participating fully in science. According to UNESCO’s Science Report, only 33 percent of researchers are women, despite the fact that they represent 45 and 55 percent of students at the Bachelor’s and Master’s levels of study respectively, and 44 percent of those enrolled in PhD programmes. Just as they solve their daily issues in their families, women are continually developing innovative, effective ways to improve their lives and even, develop their communities by bringing together their wisdom, intelligence and creativity, young women are, indeed, leading change and innovation.
The World Cancer Day is observed globally every year on 4th of February, and it aims to save millions of preventable deaths each year by raising awareness and education about cancer, and pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action against the disease. Cancer is a leading cause of death, globally, an estimated 8.8 million people die from cancer every year. There are over 100 cancer types that exist nowadays and each of them requires unique diagnosis and treatment.
In the world, 17 people die every minute from cancer, with 70 percent of deaths occurring in developing countries. Child cancers also highlight the inequality factor that plays such a large role in cancer, as survival rates differ greatly between high-income and low-income countries. In addition, there are 77440 new cancer cases each year. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the progress being made in the fight against cancer was threatened but it has also created the opportunity to address systemic weaknesses in many national health systems.
The international Education Day is celebrated annually on 24 January and it aims to showcase the changes that have to take place in order to realise everyone’s right to education and build a more sustainable, inclusive, and peaceful futures. This day is intended for the international community to also recognise that education is essential for the success of all 17 of its goals. In particular, Sustainable Development Goal 4, in particular, aims to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all” by 2030.
Education is a human right, a public good, and a public responsibility. It plays a very crucial role in developing the creative thinking ability of young people and providing all the necessary skills and knowledge that are required to shape a competitive and productive individual. The UNESCO’s global Futures of Education Report stated that transforming the future requires an urgent rebalancing or our relationships with each other, with nature as well as with technology that permeates our lives, bearing breakthrough opportunities while raising serious concerns for equity, inclusion and democratic participation.
The International Migrants Day is observed every year on 18th of December, and it is an opportunity to recognise the contributions made by millions of immigrants to the development and well-being of many countries in the world. After having taken into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world, the commemoration of this day aims to promotes respect for the rights of immigrant workers and their families, and highlights the issues that are of the key interest to migrants and their communities.
A broad range of factors continue to determine the movement of people. They are either voluntary or forced movements as a result of the increased magnitude and frequency of disasters, economic challenges, and extreme poverty or conflict. This new era has created challenges and opportunities for societies throughout the world. Today, globalisation, together with advances in communications and transportation, has greatly increased the number of people, who have the desire and the capacity to move to other places.
The Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10th of December and is celebrated internationally to honour the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that took place at the United Nations’ General Assembly on 1948. The World Assembly of Youth (WAY) recognises the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the basis of its action and service. Hence, this day is an opportunity for us to reaffirm the importance of human rights for young people in rebuilding the world we want, the need for global solidarity, as well as our interconnectedness and shared humanity.
On this day various key stakeholders, youth inclusive, do project their concern by contributing to activities and programmes designed to promote and educate human rights related matters in all levels of society, as well as to prevent any further violations of human rights in the future. The knowledge and understanding of human rights is very important to each and every individual. Human rights have the power to tackle the root causes of conflict and crisis, by addressing grievances, eliminating inequalities, and exclusion and allowing people to participate in decision making processes that affects their lives.