The International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking recognises the severe impact that illicit drugs have on health, development, peace and security. According to the latest World Drug Report, around 269 million people used drugs worldwide in 2018, which is 30 percent more than in 2009, while over 35 million people suffer from drug use disorders. For two decades, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has been helping make the world safer from drugs, organised crime, corruption and terrorism. They are committed to achieving health, security and justice for all by tackling these threats and promoting peace and sustainable well-being as deterrents to them.
The World Refugee Day is celebrated every year on the 20th of June to support millions of families all over the world who have lost their homes and dear ones because of violence or war. Many refugees are in exile to escape the effects of natural or human-made disasters. Every minute 20 people leave everything behind to escape war, persecution, or terror. Refugees are among the most vulnerable people in the world.
As populations become larger, wealthier, and more urban, there is far greater demand for land to provide food, animal feed, and fibre for clothing. Meanwhile, the health and productivity of existing arable land is declining, worsened by climate change. To have enough productive land to meet the demands of ten billion people by 2050, lifestyles need to change.
The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year, since 1994, to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification. The day is a unique moment to remind everyone that land degradation neutrality is achievable through problem solving, strong community involvement, and co-operation at all levels.
World Environment Day (WED) was established in 1972 but first held in 1974, which shows that concern about the environment goes back several decades at least. More than 140 countries take part in World Environment Day, and the day focuses on environmental concerns ranging from pollution to global warming and sustainable food production to protection of wildlife.
The World Environment Day 2020, hosted by Colombia, is the most renowned day for environmental action. Since its inception it has been celebrated every year on 5 June by engaging governments, businesses, celebrities, and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue. This year, the theme is “Biodiversity”, a concern that is both urgent and existential. Biodiversity describes the variety of life on Earth. It encompasses the 8 million species on the planet, from plants and animals to fungi and bacteria, the ecosystems that house them, and the genetic diversity among them.
The Global Day of Parents is an annual event that is celebrated on June 1 to honour all the parents around the world for being the anchor of their families and selflessly nurturing and protecting their children. This day was declared as the Global Day of Parents by the United Nations General Assembly in 2012, with resolution A/RES/66/292. This was done to appreciate all parents for their lifelong sacrifice towards raising their children. Parents play a key role in the health, emotional wellbeing, and education of a child.